Embracing the Messiness in Search of Epic Solutions

GCP + Kitchen Terraform: Local Development Workflow



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Here’s a typical workflow for implementing and running Kitchen Terraform tests outside of the GCP environment, for example, from an IDE on a Mac laptop.

Enable “gcloud” Access


gcloud auth login

The first step is to ensure we can interact with GCP using the gcloud command using our user credential. This is needed because the tests use the gcloud commands to retrieve GCP resource information in order to do the assertions.

Enable SDK Access


gcloud auth application-default login

This ensures our Terraform code can run the GCP SDK successfully without a service account. Instead, it will use our user credential.

Without this command, we may get the following error when running the Terraform code:

Response: {
 "error": "invalid_grant",
 "error_description": "reauth related error (invalid_rapt)",
 "error_subtype": "invalid_rapt"

Display All Kitchen Test Suites


bundle exec kitchen list

This command displays a list of Kitchen test suites defined in kitchen.yml.

The output looks something like this:

Instance                            Driver     Provisioner  Verifier   Transport  Last Action    Last Error
router-all-subnets-ip-ranges-local  Terraform  Terraform    Terraform  Ssh
router-interface-local              Terraform  Terraform    Terraform  Ssh
router-no-bgp-no-nat-local          Terraform  Terraform    Terraform  Ssh
router-with-bgp-local               Terraform  Terraform    Terraform  Ssh
router-with-nat-local               Terraform  Terraform    Terraform  Ssh

Run a Specific Test Suite


bundle exec kitchen test [INSTANCE_NAME]    

# For example:-
bundle exec kitchen test router-with-nat-local

This command allows us to run a specific test suite. This will handle the entire Terraform lifecycle… ie: setting up the infrastructure, running the tests and destroying the infrastructure.

This is helpful especially when we need to run just the test suite that is currently under development. This way, it runs faster because we don’t have to provision/deprovision the cloud infrastructure for other test suites. At the same time, we will also reduce the incurred cost.

Run a Specific Test Suite with Finer Controls

There are times where running bundle exec kitchen test [INSTANCE_NAME] is still very time consuming and expensive, especially when we try to debug any failed assertions or add a little assertions at a time.

To provision the infrastructure once, run the following command:

bundle exec kitchen converge [INSTANCE_NAME]    

# For example:-
bundle exec kitchen converge router-with-nat-local

To run the assertions, run the following command as many times as possible until all the assertions are implemented successfully:

bundle exec kitchen verify [INSTANCE_NAME]    

# For example:-
bundle exec kitchen verify router-with-nat-local

Finally, once the test suite is implemented properly, we can now deprovision the infrastructure:

bundle exec kitchen destroy [INSTANCE_NAME]    

# For example:-
bundle exec kitchen destroy router-with-nat-local


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