Monthly Archives: April 2015

Guava: Testing equals(..) and hashcode(..)

PROBLEM

Let’s assume we want to test the following equals(..):-

public class Person {
    private String name;
    private int age;

    @Override
    public boolean equals(Object o) {
        if (o == null || getClass() != o.getClass()) {
            return false;
        }

        Person person = (Person) o;
        return Objects.equal(name, person.name);
    }

    @Override
    public int hashCode() {
        return Objects.hashCode(name);
    }

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public int getAge() {
        return age;
    }

    public void setAge(int age) {
        this.age = age;
    }
}

A correctly implemented equals(..) must be reflexive, symmetric, transitive, consistent and handles null comparison.

In another word, you have to write test cases to pass at least these 5 rules. Anything less is pure bullshit.

SOLUTION

You can write these tests yourself… or you can leverage Guava’s EqualsTester. This library will test these 5 rules and ensure the generated hashcode matches too.

First, include the needed dependency:-

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.google.guava</groupId>
    <artifactId>guava-testlib</artifactId>
    <version>18.0</version>
    <scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

Instead of writing JUnit tests, I’ll be writing Spock specs, which is essentially built on top of Groovy, because it allows me to write very clear and clean tests.

class PersonSpec extends Specification {

    def person = new Person(name: 'Mike', age: 10)

    def "equals - equal"() {
        when:
        new EqualsTester().
                addEqualityGroup(person,
                                 new Person(name: 'Mike', age: 10),
                                 new Person(name: 'Mike', age: 20)).
                testEquals()

        then:
        notThrown(AssertionFailedError.class)
    }

    def "equals - not equal"() {
        when:
        new EqualsTester().
                addEqualityGroup(person,
                                 new Person(name: 'Kurt', age: 10)).
                testEquals()

        then:
        thrown(AssertionFailedError.class)
    }
}

Oh… wait for it… BOOM!

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